Top 7 Causes of Infertility in Women

The top 7 causes of infertility in women in India were as follows:

  1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. It can lead to irregular ovulation or the absence of ovulation, making it difficult to conceive.
  2. Tubal Factors: Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes can prevent the sperm from reaching the egg or the fertilized egg from reaching the uterus, leading to infertility.
  3. Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus. This can cause scarring and adhesions, affecting fertility.
  4. Uterine Disorders: Abnormalities in the structure of the uterus, such as uterine fibroids or polyps, can interfere with implantation and pregnancy.
  5. Ovulatory Disorders: Various conditions can disrupt regular ovulation, such as hormonal imbalances, stress, excessive exercise, or certain medical conditions.
  6. Age: As women age, their fertility declines. The quality and quantity of eggs decrease with age, making it harder to conceive, especially after the age of 35.
  7. Unexplained Infertility: In some cases, despite extensive testing, the exact cause of infertility remains unknown.

It’s always advisable to consult a qualified healthcare professional for the latest information and personalized advice. Additionally, the prevalence of these causes may vary in different regions of India.